Articles | Volume 37, issue 3
Regular paper
20 May 2019
Regular paper |  | 20 May 2019

Geomagnetic conjugate observations of ionospheric disturbances in response to a North Korean underground nuclear explosion on 3 September 2017

Yi Liu, Chen Zhou, Qiong Tang, Guanyi Chen, and Zhengyu Zhao

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Cited articles

Che, I.-Y., Kim, T. S., Jeon, J.-S., and Lee, H.-I.: Infrasound observation of the apparent North Korean nuclear test of 25 May 2009, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L22802,, 2009. 
Chum, J., Cabrera, M. A., Mošna, Z., Fagre, M., Baše, J., and Fišer, J.: Nonlinear acoustic waves in the viscous thermosphere and ionosphere above earthquake, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 121, 12126–12137,, 2016. 
Chum, J., Liu, J.-Y., Podolská, K., and Šindelářová, T.: Infrasound in the ionosphere from earthquakes and typhoons, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phy., 171, 72–82, 2018. 
Garrison, J. L., Yang, Y.-M., and Lee, S.-C.: Observations of ionospheric disturbances coincident with North Korean underground nuclear tests, Abstract SA43B-1754 presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, 13–17 December 2010, San Francisco, Calif., 2010. 
Gokhberg, M. B., Pilipenlco, V. A., Pokhotelov, O. A., and Partasaraty, S.: Acoustic disturbance induced by underground nuclear explosion as source of electrostatic turbulence in the magnetosphere, Doklady AN SSSR, 313, 568–574, 1990. 
Short summary
Underground nuclear explosion (UNE) can produce ionospheric disturbances through a lithosphere–atmosphere–ionosphere coupling mechanism, which is very similar with earthquakes. By using the total electron content observations and Swarm ionospheric current data, we have investigated the geomagnetic conjugate ionospheric disturbances. We proposed that the electric field generated during the UNE test can be an important mechanism for ionospheric disturbance.