Articles | Volume 38, issue 3
Regular paper
26 May 2020
Regular paper |  | 26 May 2020

Non-locality of Earth's quasi-parallel bow shock: injection of thermal protons in a hybrid-Vlasov simulation

Markus Battarbee, Urs Ganse, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Lucile Turc, Thiago Brito, Maxime Grandin, Tuomas Koskela, and Minna Palmroth

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Cited articles

Axford, W. I., Leer, E., and Skadron, G.: The Acceleration of Cosmic Rays by Shock Waves, in: 15th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Vol. 11, Dept. of Cosmic Rays, Central Research Institute for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, Bulgarska akademiia na naukite, p. 132, 1977. a
Battarbee, M., Laitinen, T., and Vainio, R.: Heavy-ion acceleration and self-generated waves in coronal shocks, Astron. Astrophys., 535, A34,, 2011. a
Battarbee, M., Ganse, U., Pfau-Kempf, Y., Turc, L., Brito, T., Grandin, M., Koskela, T., and Palmroth, M.: Supplementary Video A, TIB AV-Portal,, 2020a. a
Battarbee, M., Ganse, U., Pfau-Kempf, Y., Turc, L., Brito, T., Grandin, M., Koskela, T., and Palmroth, M.: Supplementary Video B, TIB AV-Portal,, 2020b. a
Battarbee, M., Ganse, U., Pfau-Kempf, Y., Turc, L., Brito, T., Grandin, M., Koskela, T., and Palmroth, M.: Supplementary Video C, TIB AV-Portal,, 2020c. a
Short summary
The structure and medium-scale dynamics of Earth's bow shock and how charged solar wind particles are reflected by it are studied in order to better understand space weather effects. We use advanced supercomputer simulations to model the shock and reflected ions. We find that the thickness of the shock depends on solar wind conditions but also has small-scale variations. Charged particle reflection is shown to be non-localized. Magnetic fields are important for ion reflection.