Articles | Volume 36, issue 5
Regular paper
20 Sep 2018
Regular paper |  | 20 Sep 2018

PPP-based Swarm kinematic orbit determination

Le Ren and Steffen Schön

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Subject: Earth's ionosphere & aeronomy | Keywords: Ionospheric disturbances
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Cited articles

AIUB: The Swarm kinematic orbits, available at:, last access: 17 September 2018. 
Altamimi, Z., Rebischung, P., Métivier, L., and Collilieux, X.: ITRF2014: A new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame modeling nonlinear station motions, J. Geophys. Res.-Sol. Ea., 121, 6109–6131,, 2016. a
Astrium GmbH: Swarm Instrument Positions in Spacecraft Coordinates, SW.TN.ASTR.SY.00012298, Issue 3, 2013. a
Blewitt, G.: An automatic Editing Algorithm for GPS data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 199–202, 1993. a
Bock, H., Dach, R., Jäggi, A., and Beutler, G.: High-rate GPS clock corrections from CODE: support of 1 Hz applications, J. Geodesy, 83, 1083–1094,, 2009. a
Short summary
In this contribution, we analyse the performance of the Swarm onboard GPS receiver and present the approach for determination of the IfE Swarm kinematic orbit with PPP. The differences between our kinematic orbits and ESA reduced-dynamic orbits are at 1.5 cm, 1.5 cm and 2.5 cm level in along-track, cross-track and radial directions, respectively. A comparison with SLR underlines an accuracy of the kinematic orbits of 3–4 cm.