Articles | Volume 40, issue 1
Regular paper
25 Jan 2022
Regular paper |  | 25 Jan 2022

Quantifying the non-linear dependence of energetic electron fluxes in the Earth's radiation belts with radial diffusion drivers

Adnane Osmane, Mikko Savola, Emilia Kilpua, Hannu Koskinen, Joseph E. Borovsky, and Milla Kalliokoski

Related authors

Impact of solar cycle on the non-linearity of the relationship between the solar wind parameters and geomagnetic conditions
Sanni Hoilijoki, Emilia Kilpua, Adnane Osmane, Lucile Turc, Mikko Savola, Veera Lipsanen, Harriet George, and Milla Kalliokoski
Ann. Geophys. Discuss.,,, 2024
Preprint under review for ANGEO
Short summary
Permutation Entropy and Complexity Analysis of Large-scale Solar Wind Structures and Streams
Emilia Katja Johanna Kilpua, Simon Good, Matti Ala-Lahti, Adnane Osmane, and Venla Koikkalainen
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Magnetosheath jet evolution as a function of lifetime: global hybrid-Vlasov simulations compared to MMS observations
Minna Palmroth, Savvas Raptis, Jonas Suni, Tomas Karlsson, Lucile Turc, Andreas Johlander, Urs Ganse, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Xochitl Blanco-Cano, Mojtaba Akhavan-Tafti, Markus Battarbee, Maxime Dubart, Maxime Grandin, Vertti Tarvus, and Adnane Osmane
Ann. Geophys., 39, 289–308,,, 2021
Short summary
Resolution dependence of magnetosheath waves in global hybrid-Vlasov simulations
Maxime Dubart, Urs Ganse, Adnane Osmane, Andreas Johlander, Markus Battarbee, Maxime Grandin, Yann Pfau-Kempf, Lucile Turc, and Minna Palmroth
Ann. Geophys., 38, 1283–1298,,, 2020
Short summary
Magnetic field fluctuation properties of coronal mass ejection-driven sheath regions in the near-Earth solar wind
Emilia K. J. Kilpua, Dominique Fontaine, Simon W. Good, Matti Ala-Lahti, Adnane Osmane, Erika Palmerio, Emiliya Yordanova, Clement Moissard, Lina Z. Hadid, and Miho Janvier
Ann. Geophys., 38, 999–1017,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Magnetosphere & space plasma physics | Keywords: Radiation belts
Comparison of radiation belt electron fluxes simultaneously measured with PROBA-V/EPT and RBSP/MagEIS instruments
Alexandre Winant, Viviane Pierrard, and Edith Botek
Ann. Geophys., 41, 313–325,,, 2023
Short summary
Electron radiation belt safety indices based on the SafeSpace modelling pipeline and dedicated to the internal charging risk
Nour Dahmen, Antoine Brunet, Sebastien Bourdarie, Christos Katsavrias, Guillerme Bernoux, Stefanos Doulfis, Afroditi Nasi, Ingmar Sandberg, Constantinos Papadimitriou, Jesus Oliveros Fernandez, and Ioannis Daglis
Ann. Geophys., 41, 301–312,,, 2023
Short summary
The “SafeSpace” database of ULF power spectral density and radial diffusion coefficients: dependencies and application to simulations
Christos Katsavrias, Afroditi Nasi, Ioannis A. Daglis, Sigiava Aminalragia-Giamini, Nourallah Dahmen, Constantinos Papadimitriou, Marina Georgiou, Antoine Brunet, and Sebastien Bourdarie
Ann. Geophys., 40, 379–393,,, 2022
Short summary
On the semi-annual variation of relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt
Christos Katsavrias, Constantinos Papadimitriou, Sigiava Aminalragia-Giamini, Ioannis A. Daglis, Ingmar Sandberg, and Piers Jiggens
Ann. Geophys., 39, 413–425,,, 2021
Short summary
Seasonal dependence of the Earth's radiation belt – new insights
Rajkumar Hajra
Ann. Geophys., 39, 181–187,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Baker, D., Erickson, P., Fennell, J., Foster, J., Jaynes, A., and Verronen, P.: Space weather effects in the Earth's radiation belts, Space Sci. Rev., 214, 1–60, 2018. a
Balikhin, M. A., Boynton, R. J., Walker, S. N., Borovsky, J. E., Billings, S. A., and Wei, H. L.: Using the NARMAX approach to model the evolution of energetic electrons fluxes at geostationary orbit, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L18105,, 2011. a
Borovsky, J. E.: Time-Integral Correlations of Multiple Variables With the Relativistic-Electron Flux at Geosynchronous Orbit: The Strong Roles of Substorm-Injected Electrons and the Ion Plasma Sheet, J. Geophysical Res.-Space, 122, 11961–11990,, 2017. a
Borovsky, J. E. and Denton, M. H.: Exploring the cross correlations and autocorrelations of the ULF indices and incorporating the ULF indices into the systems science of the solar wind-driven magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 119, 4307–4334,, 2014. a
Borovsky, J. E. and Funsten, H. O.: Role of solar wind turbulence in the coupling of the solar wind to the Earth's magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 108, 1246,, 2003. a
Short summary
It has long been known that particles get accelerated close to the speed of light in the near-Earth space environment. Research in the last decades has also clarified what processes and waves are responsible for the acceleration of particles. However, it is difficult to quantify the scale of the impact of various processes competing with one another. In this study we present a methodology to quantify the impact waves can have on energetic particles.