Articles | Volume 38, issue 2
Regular paper
20 Apr 2020
Regular paper |  | 20 Apr 2020

Stratification observed by the in situ plasma density measurements from the Swarm satellites

Xiuying Wang, Wanli Cheng, Zihan Zhou, Dehe Yang, Jing Cui, and Feng Guo

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Cited articles

Abdu, M. A., Batista, I. S., Carrasco, A. J., and Brum, C. G. M.: South Atlantic magnetic anomaly ionization: A review and a new focus on electrodynamic effects in the equatorial ionosphere, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phy., 67, 1643–1657,, 2005. 
Balan, N., Bailey, G. J., Abdu, M. A., Oyama, K. I., Richards, P. G., MacDougall, J., and Batista, I. S.: Equatorial plasma fountain and its effects over three locations: Evidence for an additional layer, the F3 layer, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 102, 2047–2056,, 1997. 
Balan, N., Batista, I. S., Abdu, M. A., MacDougall, J., and Bailey, G. J.: Physical mechanism and statistics of occurrence of an additional layer in the equatorial ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 103, 29169–29181,, 1998. 
Balan, N., Batista, I. S., Abdu, M. A., Bailey, G. J., Watanabe, S., MacDougall, J., and Sobral, J. H. A.: Variability of an additional layer in the equatorial ionosphere over Fortaleza, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 105, 10603–10613,, 2000. 
Balan, N., Thampi, S. V., Lynn, K., Otsuka, Y., Alleyne, H., Watanabe, S., Abdu, M. A., and Fejer, B. G.: F3 layer during penetration electric field, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 113, A00A07,, 2008. 
Short summary
To get the global distribution of the stratification phenomenon, the in situ plasma density measurements, obtained by the Swarm satellites orbiting at different altitudes above the F2 peak, are used to study this phenomenon. The continuous morphology of this phenomenon and its features along the latitudinal direction are obtained, and a new discovery from the in situ measurements is the stratification on southern mid-latitudes.