Articles | Volume 37, issue 4
Regular paper
02 Jul 2019
Regular paper |  | 02 Jul 2019

Global analysis for periodic variations in gravity wave squared amplitudes and momentum fluxes in the middle atmosphere

Dan Chen, Cornelia Strube, Manfred Ern, Peter Preusse, and Martin Riese

Related authors

The quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) and global-scale tropical waves in Aeolus wind observations, radiosonde data, and reanalyses
Manfred Ern, Mohamadou A. Diallo, Dina Khordakova, Isabell Krisch, Peter Preusse, Oliver Reitebuch, Jörn Ungermann, and Martin Riese
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 9549–9583,,, 2023
Short summary
A mountain ridge model for quantifying oblique mountain wave propagation and distribution
Sebastian Rhode, Peter Preusse, Manfred Ern, Jörn Ungermann, Lukas Krasauskas, Julio Bacmeister, and Martin Riese
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 7901–7934,,, 2023
Short summary
Emulating lateral gravity wave propagation in a global chemistry-climate model (EMAC v2.55.2) through horizontal flux redistribution
Roland Eichinger, Sebastian Rhode, Hella Garny, Peter Preusse, Petr Pisoft, Aleš Kuchar, Patrick Jöckel, Astrid Kerkweg, and Bastian Kern
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Observation of horizontal temperature variations by a spatial heterodyne interferometer using single-sided interferograms
Konstantin Franz Fotios Ntokas, Jörn Ungermann, Martin Kaufmann, Tom Neubert, and Martin Riese
Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.,,, 2023
Revised manuscript under review for AMT
Short summary
Satellite observations of gravity wave momentum flux in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT): feasibility and requirements
Qiuyu Chen, Konstantin Ntokas, Björn Linder, Lukas Krasauskas, Manfred Ern, Peter Preusse, Jörn Ungermann, Erich Becker, Martin Kaufmann, and Martin Riese
Atmos. Meas. Tech., 15, 7071–7103,,, 2022
Short summary

Related subject area

Subject: Terrestrial atmosphere and its relation to the sun | Keywords: Middle atmosphere dynamics
Propagating characteristics of mesospheric gravity waves observed by an OI 557.7 nm airglow all-sky camera at Mt. Bohyun (36.2° N, 128.9° E)
Jun-Young Hwang, Young-Sook Lee, Yong Ha Kim, Hosik Kam, Seok-Min Song, Young-Sil Kwak, and Tae-Yong Yang
Ann. Geophys., 40, 247–257,,, 2022
Short summary
Modelling the residual mean meridional circulation at different stages of sudden stratospheric warming events
Andrey V. Koval, Wen Chen, Ksenia A. Didenko, Tatiana S. Ermakova, Nikolai M. Gavrilov, Alexander I. Pogoreltsev, Olga N. Toptunova, Ke Wei, Anna N. Yarusova, and Anton S. Zarubin
Ann. Geophys., 39, 357–368,,, 2021
Short summary
Stratospheric influence on the mesosphere–lower thermosphere over mid latitudes in winter observed by a Fabry–Perot interferometer
Olga S. Zorkaltseva and Roman V. Vasilyev
Ann. Geophys., 39, 267–276,,, 2021
Short summary
Migrating and non-migrating tides observed in the stratosphere from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC temperature retrievals
Uma Das, William E. Ward, Chen Jeih Pan, and Sanat Kumar Das
Ann. Geophys., 38, 421–435,,, 2020
Short summary
Local stratopause temperature variabilities and their embedding in the global context
Ronald Eixmann, Vivien Matthias, Josef Höffner, Gerd Baumgarten, and Michael Gerding
Ann. Geophys., 38, 373–383,,, 2020
Short summary

Cited articles

Alexander, M. J. and Dunkerton, T. J.: A spectral parameterization of mean-flow forcing due to breaking gravity waves, J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 4167–4182, 1999. a
Alexander, M. J. and Ortland, D. A.: Equatorial waves in High Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) data, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D24111,, 2010. a
Alexander, M. J., Geller, M., McLandress, C., Polavarapu, S., Preusse, P., Sassi, F., Sato, K., Eckermann, S., Ern, M., Hertzog, A., Kawatani, Y., Pulido, M., Shaw, T. A., Sigmond, M., Vincent, R., and Watanabe, S.: Recent developments in gravity-wave effects in climate models and the global distribution of gravity-wave momentum flux from observations and models, Q. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136, 1103–1124,, 2010. a
Alexander, S. P., Tsuda, T., Shibagaki, Y., and Kozu, T.: Seasonal gravity wave activity observed with the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar and its relation to rainfall information from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D02104,, 2008. a
Antonita, T. M., Ramkumar, G., Kumar, K. K., and Deepa, V.: Meteor wind radar observations of gravity wave momentum fluxes and their forcing toward the Mesospheric Semiannual Oscillation, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 113, d10115,, 2008. a
Short summary
In this paper, for the first time, absolute gravity wave momentum flux (GWMF) on temporal scales from terannual variation up to solar cycle length is investigated. The systematic spectral analysis of SABER absolute GWMF is presented and physically interpreted. The various roles of filtering and oblique propagating are discussed, which is likely an important factor for MLT dynamics, and hence can be used as a stringent test bed of the reproduction of such features in global models.