Articles | Volume 39, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-39-479-2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-39-479-2021
ANGEO Communicates
 | 
09 Jun 2021
ANGEO Communicates |  | 09 Jun 2021

Whistler waves produced by monochromatic currents in the low nighttime ionosphere

Vera G. Mizonova and Peter A. Bespalov

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Short summary
The paper discusses the excitation of monochromatic ELF/VLF electromagnetic waves produced by HF heating facility currents in the nighttime ionosphere. The ground-based magnetic field is predominantly located under the source, and the wave has right-hand polarization typical for a whistler but left-hand polarization at large distances from the source. About half of the source energy propagates upward, and approximately 20 % propagates to the Earth–ionosphere waveguide.