Articles | Volume 39, issue 6
Regular paper
17 Dec 2021
Regular paper |  | 17 Dec 2021

Modelling the influence of meteoric smoke particles on artificial heating in the D-region

Margaretha Myrvang, Carsten Baumann, and Ingrid Mann

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Cited articles

Baumann, C. and Myrvang, M.: Lower ionospheric electron densities based on a simple ionospheric model that uses MSP as charge carrier, Zenodo [data set],, 2021. a
Baumann, C., Rapp, M., Kero, A., and Enell, C.-F.: Meteor smoke influence on the D-region charge balance – review of recent in situ measurements and one-dimensional model results, Ann. Geophys., 31, 2049–2062,, 2013. a, b, c, d, e, f, g
Baumann, C., Rapp, M., Anttila, M., Kero, A., and Verronen, P.: Effects of meteoric smoke particles on the D-region ion chemistry, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 120, 10823–10839,, 2015. a
Belova, E. G., Pashin, A. B., and Lyatsky, W. B.: Passage of a powerful HF radio wave through the lower ionosphere as a function of initial electron density profiles, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 265–272,, 1995. a, b, c
Biebricher, A. and Havnes, O.: Non-equilibrium modelling of the PMSE overshoot effect revisited: A comprehensive study, J. Plasma Phys., 78, 303–319,, 2012. a
Short summary
Our model calculations indicate that meteoric smoke particles (MSPs) influence both the magnitude and shape of the electron temperature during artificial heating. Others have found that current theoretical models most likely overestimate heating in the D-region compared to observations. In a future study, we will compare our results to observations of the electron temperature during heating to investigate if the presence of MSPs can explain the discrepancy between model and observations.