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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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ANGEO | Articles | Volume 38, issue 2
Ann. Geophys., 38, 297–307, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-297-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 38, 297–307, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-38-297-2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 06 Mar 2020

Regular paper | 06 Mar 2020

Electron heating by HF pumping of high-latitude ionospheric F-region plasma near magnetic zenith

Thomas B. Leyser et al.

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ED: Publish as is (02 Feb 2020) by Nick Sergis
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Short summary
Powerful radio waves transmitted into the ionosphere give the strongest turbulence effects in geomagnetic zenith, antiparallel to the magnetic field in the Northern Hemisphere. Our results obtained with the EISCAT (European Incoherent SCATter association) Heating facility in Norway and the EISCAT UHF incoherent scatter radar together with modelling suggest that the pump wave propagates in the L mode, rather than in the O mode that is usually assumed to be involved in such experiments.
Powerful radio waves transmitted into the ionosphere give the strongest turbulence effects in...
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