Articles | Volume 35, issue 3
Regular paper
12 Jun 2017
Regular paper |  | 12 Jun 2017

Atmospheric loss from the dayside open polar region and its dependence on geomagnetic activity: implications for atmospheric escape on evolutionary timescales

Rikard Slapak, Audrey Schillings, Hans Nilsson, Masatoshi Yamauchi, Lars-Göran Westerberg, and Iannis Dandouras


Total article views: 2,219 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,582 561 76 2,219 72 59
  • HTML: 1,582
  • PDF: 561
  • XML: 76
  • Total: 2,219
  • BibTeX: 72
  • EndNote: 59
Views and downloads (calculated since 12 Jun 2017)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 12 Jun 2017)


Latest update: 04 Mar 2024

The requested paper has a corresponding corrigendum published. Please read the corrigendum first before downloading the article.

Short summary
In this study, we have used Cluster satellite data to quantify the ionospheric oxygen ion (O+) escape into the solar wind and its dependence on geomagnetic activity. During times of high activity, the escape may be 2 orders of magnitude higher than under quiet conditions, strongly suggesting that the escape rate was much higher when the Sun was young. The results are important for future studies regarding atmospheric loss over geological timescales.