Articles | Volume 35, issue 3
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-683-2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-683-2017
ANGEO Communicates
 | 
24 May 2017
ANGEO Communicates |  | 24 May 2017

Causal kinetic equation of non-equilibrium plasmas

Rudolf A. Treumann and Wolfgang Baumjohann

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Latest update: 18 May 2024
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Short summary
We extend the Klimontovich (1967) formulation of kinetic theory of the evolution of the microscopic phase space density to taking into account that the interaction between particles separated from each other at a distance is not instantaneous but requires the transport of information. This is done by reference to the retarded potentials. We derive the fundamental causal Liouville equation for the phase space density of a system composed of a very large number of charged particles.