Articles | Volume 35, issue 1
Ann. Geophys., 35, 123–132, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-123-2017

Special issue: The 14th International Symposium on Equatorial Aeronomy

Ann. Geophys., 35, 123–132, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-35-123-2017

Regular paper 20 Jan 2017

Regular paper | 20 Jan 2017

Observations of equatorial ionization anomaly over Africa and Middle East during a year of deep minimum

Olawale Bolaji et al.

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Latest update: 15 May 2021
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Short summary
Movement of plasma to higher latitudes by EIA is known to relate to eastward electric field/EEJ and thermospheric meridional neutral wind. Experiments from GPS measurements that unveil thermospheric meridional neutral wind effect on plasma transportation in the F region are very few compared with electric field/EEJ. This work includes examples of thermospheric meridional neutral wind effects on GPS TEC measurements and their roles in transportation of plasma compared to electric field/EEJ.