Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2021-34
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2021-34

  23 Jun 2021

23 Jun 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal ANGEO.

Latitude Oscillations of Zonal Mean Total Electron Content and Super-Fountain Effects Provided from Global GNSS Stations

Mohammad Joghataei, Niloofar Jooyandeh, and Mohammad Hossein Memarian Mohammad Joghataei et al.
  • Department of Physics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

Abstract. Seasonal and latitude oscillations of equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) were investigated by zonal mean total electron content (TEC) provided from global gridded GNSS data from 1999 to 2017. Maximum monthly zonal mean TEC values showed NH spring equinox’s value is higher than fall's. Some fluctuations are observed due to upward planetary wave propagation in equinoxes and winter especially in low solar activity. Two cases of super-fountain effect were also clearly detected on zonal mean TEC.

Mohammad Joghataei et al.

Status: open (until 04 Aug 2021)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on angeo-2021-34', Anonymous Referee #1, 20 Jul 2021 reply

Mohammad Joghataei et al.

Mohammad Joghataei et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 236 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total Supplement BibTeX EndNote
211 20 5 236 13 1 1
  • HTML: 211
  • PDF: 20
  • XML: 5
  • Total: 236
  • Supplement: 13
  • BibTeX: 1
  • EndNote: 1
Views and downloads (calculated since 23 Jun 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 23 Jun 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 234 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 234 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 24 Jul 2021
Download
Short summary
The ionosphere is one of the important layers of the atmosphere that affect the transmission of radio waves. In equatorial ionosphere anomaly (EIA) the lifted plasma diffuses downward on both sides of magnetic equator and creates two crests. The values of monthly zonal means of TEC are separated and shows fluctuations due to upward planetary wave propagation in equinoxes and winter. In addition, two cases of super-fountain effect (contain Halloween solar storm) were detected on zonal mean TEC.