Articles | Volume 41, issue 2
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-41-369-2023
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-41-369-2023
Regular paper
 | 
19 Sep 2023
Regular paper |  | 19 Sep 2023

Parallel electric fields produced by ionospheric injection

Osuke Saka

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Short summary
Transverse electric fields transmitted from the magnetosphere and those generated by the neutral winds yield a local breakdown of the charge neutrality at the boundaries between the thermosphere and mesosphere. The breakdown may create parallel electric fields in the thermosphere to produce spiral auroras and outflows. This explanation supposes an auroral generator located not in a distant space, but rather in our much nearer upper atmosphere.