Non-elliptic wavevector anisotropy for magnetohydrodynamic turbulence
Abstract. A model of non-elliptic wavevector anisotropy is developed for the inertial-range spectrum of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence and is presented in the two-dimensional wavevector domain spanning the directions parallel and perpendicular to the mean magnetic field.
The non-elliptic model is a variation of the elliptic model with different scalings along the parallel and the perpendicular components of the wavevectors to the mean magnetic field.
The non-elliptic anisotropy model reproduces the smooth transition of the power-law spectra from an index of −2 in the parallel projection with respect to the mean magnetic field to an index of −5/3 in the perpendicular projection observed in solar wind turbulence, and is as competitive as the critical balance model to explain the measured frequency spectra in the solar wind. The parameters in the non-elliptic spectrum model are compared with the solar wind observations.