Nonmigrating tidal signatures in the magnitude and the inter-hemispheric asymmetry of the equatorial ionization anomaly
Abstract. Based on nine years of observations from the satellites CHAMP and GRACE the tidal signatures in the magnitude and the inter-hemisphere asymmetry of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) have been investigated in this study. The EIA magnitude parameters show longitudinal wavenumber 4 and 3 (WN4/WN3) patterns during the months around August and December, respectively, while for different EIA parameters the contributions of the various tidal parameters are different. For the crest-to-trough ratio (CTR) the dominating nonmigrating tidal component contributing to WN4 is DE3 during the months around August, while during the months around December solstice the stationary planetary wave, SPW3, takes a comparable role to DE2 in contributing to WN3. For the apex height index (ApexHC) of the EIA fluxtube the stationary planetary waves, SPW4/SPW3, exceed the amplitudes of DE3/DE2 taking the leading role in causing the longitudinal WN4/WN3 patterns. During the months around December solstice the SW3 tide is prominent in both CTR and ApexHC. SW3 shows a strong dependence on the solar flux level, while it is hardly dependent on magnetic activity. For the EIA inter-hemispheric asymmetry only WN1 and WN2 longitudinal patterns can be seen. During June solstice months the pattern can be explained by stationary planetary waves SPW1 and SPW2. Conversely, around December solstice months longitudinal features exhibit some local time evolution, in particular the diurnal nonmigrating tide D0 takes the leading role.