Suprathermal electron acceleration during reconnection onset in the magnetotail
- 1Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, P.O. Box 537, 751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
- 2Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique-UPMC, Observatoire de Saint-Maur, 4 avenue de Neptune, 94107 Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France
- 3Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Graz, Austria
Abstract. We study one event of reconnection onset associated to a small substorm on 27 September 2006 by using Cluster observations at inter-spacecraft separation of about 10 000 km. We focus on the acceleration of suprathermal electrons during different stages of reconnection. We show that several distinct stages of acceleration occur: (1) moderate acceleration during reconnection of pre-existing plasma sheet flux tubes, (2) stronger acceleration during reconnection of lobe flux tubes, (3) production of the most energetic electrons within dipolarization fronts (magnetic pile-up regions). The strongest acceleration is reached at the location of Bz maxima inside the magnetic pile-up region where the reconnection jet stops. Very strong localized dawn-dusk electric field are observed within the magnetic pile-up regions and are associated to most of the magnetic flux transport.