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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 29, issue 9
Ann. Geophys., 29, 1663–1672, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 29, 1663–1672, 2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  28 Sep 2011

28 Sep 2011

Pi 2 waves simultaneously observed by Cluster and CPMN ground-based magnetometers near the plasmapause

H. Kawano1,2, S. Ohtani3, T. Uozumi2, T. Tokunaga1,*, A. Yoshikawa1,2, K. Yumoto1,2, E. A. Lucek4, M. André5, and the CPMN group6 H. Kawano et al.
  • 1Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2Space Environment Research Center, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 3Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, USA
  • 4Space and Atmospheric Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, UK
  • 5Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 6
  • *now at: Meiji Institute for Advanced Study of Mathematical Sciences, Kawasaki, Japan

Abstract. We have analyzed an event on 14 February 2003 in which Cluster satellites and the CPMN ground magnetometer chain made simultaneous observations of a Pi 2 pulsation along the same meridian. Three of the four Cluster satellites were located outside the plasmasphere, while the other one was located within the plasmasphere. By combining the multipoint observations in space and the multipoint observations on the ground, we have obtained a detailed L-profile of the Pi 2 signatures, which has not been done in the past. In addition, we have used a method called Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to separate out other superposed waves with similar spectral components. The result shows that the wave phase of the Pi 2 was the same up to L ∼ 3.9 (corresponding to the plasmasphere), became earlier up to L ∼ 4.1 (corresponding to the plasmapause boundary layer), and showed a delaying tendency up to L ∼ 5.9 (corresponding to the plasmatrough). This systematic phase pattern, obtained for the first time by a combination of a ground magnetometer chain and multisatellites along a magnetic meridian with the aid of ICA, supports the interpretation that a Pi 2 signal propagated from a farther source and reached the plasmasphere.

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