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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 27, issue 10
Ann. Geophys., 27, 3909–3922, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: Three eyes on the Sun – multi-spacecraft studies of...

Ann. Geophys., 27, 3909–3922, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  13 Oct 2009

13 Oct 2009

Solar wind ion trends and signatures: STEREO PLASTIC observations approaching solar minimum

A. B. Galvin1, M. A. Popecki1, K. D. C. Simunac1, L. M. Kistler1, L. Ellis1, J. Barry1, L. Berger2, L. M. Blush3, P. Bochsler1,3, C. J. Farrugia1, L. K. Jian4, E. K. J. Kilpua5, B. Klecker6, M. Lee1, Y. C.-M. Liu1, J. L. Luhmann7, E. Moebius1, A. Opitz8, C. T. Russell4, B. Thompson9, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber6, and P. Wurz3 A. B. Galvin et al.
  • 1University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
  • 2Institute for Experimental and Applied Physics, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel, Kiel, Germany
  • 3University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 4Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA
  • 5Department of Physics, Theoretical Physics Division, University of Helsinki, Finland
  • 6Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, 85741 Garching, Germany
  • 7Space Science Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
  • 8Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements (CNRS-UPS), 31028 Toulouse, France
  • 9National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

Abstract. STEREO has now completed the first two years of its mission, moving from close proximity to Earth in 2006/2007 to more than 50 degrees longitudinal separation from Earth in 2009. During this time, several large-scale structures have been observed in situ. Given the prevailing solar minimum conditions, these structures have been predominantly coronal hole-associated solar wind, slow solar wind, their interfaces, and the occasional transient event. In this paper, we extend earlier solar wind composition studies into the current solar minimum using high-resolution (1-h) sampling times for the charge state analysis. We examine 2-year trends for iron charge states and solar wind proton speeds, and present a case study of Carrington Rotation 2064 (December 2007) which includes minor ion (He, Fe, O) kinetic and Fe composition parameters in comparison with proton and magnetic field signatures at large-scale structures observed during this interval.

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