Schumann resonance frequency variations observed in magnetotelluric data recorded from Garhwal Himalayan region India
- 1Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247 667, India
- 2Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247 667, India
Abstract. Schumann resonance (SR) frequency variation has been studied using Magnetotelluric (MT) data recorded in one of the world's toughest and generally inaccessible Himalayan terrain for the first time in the author's knowledge. The magnetotelluric data, in the form of orthogonal time varying electric and magnetic field components (Ex, Ey, Bx and By), recorded during 10 March–23 May 2006, in the Himalayan region, India, at elevations between 1228–2747 m above mean sea level (amsl), were used to study the SR frequency variation. Electromagnetic field components, in the form of time series, were recorded at 64 Hz sampling frequency at a site located away from the cultural noise. Spectral analysis of time series data, at a frequency resolution of 0.03 Hz, has been performed using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) algorithm. Spectral stabilization in three Schumann resonance modes is achieved by averaging the power spectral magnitude of 32 data segments, each with 2048 sample data. Amplitude variation in the Schumann resonance frequency associated with day-night, sunrise and terminator effect was observed. Average diurnal variation in the first three Schumann resonance frequencies associated with magnetic field components is presented. The maximum frequency variation of about 0.3, 0.4 and 0.7 Hz was observed in the first, second and third mode, respectively. The frequency variations observed in electric and magnetic field components also show phase shift and varying attenuation. The SR frequency variation has been used to define the ionospheric electron density variation in the Himalayan region, India.