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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 26, issue 12
Ann. Geophys., 26, 3765–3781, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-26-3765-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 26, 3765–3781, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-26-3765-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  26 Nov 2008

26 Nov 2008

Studies of vertical fluxes of horizontal momentum in the lower atmosphere using the MU-radar

F. S. Kuo1, H. Y. Lue2, C. L. Fern3, J. Röttger4,5, S. Fukao6, and M. Yamamoto6 F. S. Kuo et al.
  • 1Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, Vanung University, Chung-Li, Taiwan
  • 2Department of Physics, Fu Jen University, Hsin Chuang, Taiwan
  • 3General Education Center, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Touliu, Yunlin, Taiwan
  • 4MPI for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
  • 5Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan
  • 6Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Abstract. We study the momentum flux of the atmospheric motions in the height ranges between 6 and 22 km observed using the MU radar at Shigaraki in Japan during a 3 day period in January 1988. The data were divided by double Fourier transformation into data set of waves with downward- phase- velocity and data set of waves with upward-phase-velocity for independent momentum flux calculation. The result showed that both the 72 h averaged upward flux and downward flux of zonal momentum were negative at nearly each height, meaning that the upward flux was dominated by westward propagating waves while the downward flux was dominated by eastward propagating waves. The magnitude of the downward flux was approximately a factor of 1.5 larger than the upward flux for waves in the 2~7 h and 7~24 h period bands, and about equal to the upward flux in the 10–30 min and 30 min–2 h period bands. It is also observed that the vertical flux of zonal momentum tended to be small in each frequency band at the altitudes below the jet maximum (10~12 km), and the flux increased toward more negative values to reach a negative maximum at some altitude well above the jet maximum. Daily averaged flux showed tremendous variation: The 1st 24 h (quiet day) was relatively quiet, and the fluxes of the 2nd and 3rd 24 h (active days) increased sharply. Moreover, the upward fluxes of zonal momentum below 17 km in the quiet day for each period band (10~30 min, 30 min~2 h, 2~7 h, and 7~24 h) were dominantly positive, while the corresponding downward fluxes were dominantly negative, meaning that the zonal momentum below 17 km in each period band under study were dominantly eastward (propagating along the mean wind). In the active days, both the upward fluxes and downward fluxes in each frequency band were dominantly negative throughout the whole altitude range 6.1–18.95 km.

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