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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 26, issue 1
Ann. Geophys., 26, 117–129, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-26-117-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 26, 117–129, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-26-117-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  04 Feb 2008

04 Feb 2008

30 MHz radar observations of artificial E region field-aligned plasma irregularities

D. L. Hysell D. L. Hysell
  • Earth and Atmospheric Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Abstract. Artificial E region field aligned irregularities (FAIs) have been observed during heating experiments at the HAARP facility using a new 30 MHz coherent scatter radar imager deployed near Homer, Alaska. Irregularities were observed during brief experiments on three quiet days in July and August, 2007, when the daytime E region critical frequency was close to 3 MHz. Irregularities were consistently generated and detected during experiments with O-mode HF pumping on zenith with a 1-min on, 1-min off CW modulation. The scattering cross sections, rise, and fall times of the echoes were observed as well as their spectral properties. Results were found to be mainly in agreement with observations from other mid- and high-latitude sites with some discrepancies. Radar images of the irregularity-filled volume on one case exhibited clear variations in backscatter power and Doppler shift across the volume. The images furthermore show the emergence of a small irregularity-filled region to the south southwest of the main region in the approximate direction of magnetic zenith.

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