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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 24, issue 3
Ann. Geophys., 24, 851–860, 2006
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-24-851-2006
© Author(s) 2006. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 24, 851–860, 2006
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-24-851-2006
© Author(s) 2006. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  19 May 2006

19 May 2006

A study of the ionogram derived effective scale height around the ionospheric hmF2

L. Liu, W. Wan, and B. Ning L. Liu et al.
  • Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China

Abstract. The diurnal, seasonal, and solar activity variations of the ionogram derived scale height around the ionospheric F-layer peak (Hm) are statistically analyzed at Wuhan (114.4° E, 30.6° N) and the yearly variations of Hm are also investigated for Wuhan and 12 other stations where Hm data are available. Hm, as a measure of the slope of the topside electron number density profiles, is calculated from the bottomside electron density profiles derived from vertical sounding ionograms using the UMLCAR SAO-Explorer. Results indicate that the value of median Hm increases with increasing solar flux. Hm is highest in summer and lowest in winter during the daytime, while it exhibits a much smaller seasonal variation at night. A common feature presented at these 13 stations is that Hm undergoes a yearly annual variation with a maximum in summer during the daytime. The annual variation becomes much weaker or disappears from late night to pre-sunrise. In addition, a moderate positive correlation is found between Hm with hmF2 and a strong correlation between the bottomside thickness parameter B0 and Hm. The latter provides a new and convenient way for empirical modeling the topside ionospheric shape only from the established B0 parameter set.

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