Articles | Volume 23, issue 2
Ann. Geophys., 23, 523–533, 2005
Ann. Geophys., 23, 523–533, 2005

  28 Feb 2005

28 Feb 2005

Relation between the ring current and the tail current during magnetic storms

V. V. Kalegaev1, N. Y. Ganushkina2, T. I. Pulkkinen2, M. V. Kubyshkina3, H. J. Singer4, and C. T. Russell5 V. V. Kalegaev et al.
  • 1Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992, Russia
  • 2Geophysical Research, Finnish Meteorological Institute, POBox 503, Helsinki, FIN-00101, Finland
  • 3Institute of Physics, University of St-Petersburg, St-Petersburg, 198904, Russia
  • 4H. J. Singer, NOAA Space Environment Center, Boulder, CO 80305–3328, USA
  • 5Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095–1567, USA

Abstract. We study the dynamics of the magnetospheric large-scale current systems during storms by using three different magnetospheric magnetic field models: the paraboloid, event-oriented, and Tsyganenko T01 models. We have modelled two storm events, one moderate storm on 25-26 June 1998, when Dst reached -120nT and one intense storm on 21-23 October 1999, when Dst dropped to -250nT. We compare the observed magnetic field from GOES 8, GOES 9, and GOES 10, Polar and Geotail satellites with the magnetic field given by the three models to estimate their reliability. All models demonstrated quite good agreement with observations. Since it is difficult to measure exactly the relative contributions from different current systems to the Dst index, we compute the contributions from ring, tail and magnetopause currents given by the three magnetic field models. We discuss the dependence of the obtained contributions to the Dst index in relation to the methods used in constructing the models. All models show a significant tail current contribution to the Dst index, comparable to the ring current contribution during moderate storms. The ring current becomes the major Dst source during intense storms.