Statistical study of the proton isotropy boundary
- Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
Abstract. Based on a large data set of polar NOAA-type satellite observations we studied the latitude-MLT shape of the 80keV proton isotropy boundary (IB) as a function of the solar wind parameters and magnetic activity. Using "snapshots" of isotropy boundaries near-simultaneously crossed at four points we found that its equatorward expansion, as well as its dawn-dusk shift, depends mostly on the AE-index and on the corrected Dst*, whereas the amplitude of the IB daily variation is mostly controlled by the solar wind dynamic pressure. Applying a nonlinear, multi-parametric, least-square regression procedure, the empirical relationship describing the IB latitude as a function of MLT and AE, Pd, Dst* parameters was obtained. Comparing it with the predictions from the Tsyganenko-2001 model we found a good agreement during the quiet time but some important differences during the disturbed periods. Interpretation of these results in terms of the properties of the magnetospheric configuration is briefly discussed.