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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 21, issue 5
Ann. Geophys., 21, 1111–1120, 2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 21, 1111–1120, 2003
© Author(s) 2003. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  31 May 2003

31 May 2003

Magnetospherically reflected chorus waves revealed by ray tracing with CLUSTER data

M. Parrot1, O. Santolík2, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin3, M. Maksimovic4, and C. Harvey5 M. Parrot et al.
  • 1LPCE/CNRS, 3A Avenue de la Recherche, ORLEANS, 45071 France
  • 2Charles University, V. Holesovickach, Praha, 18000 Czech Republic
  • 3CETP/UVSQ, 10/12 Avenue de L’Europe, Velizy, 78140 France
  • 4LESIA, place Jules Janssen, Meudon, 92195 France
  • 5CESR, 9 Av. Colonel Roche, Toulouse, 31029 France

Abstract. This paper is related to the propagation characteristics of a chorus emission recorded simultaneously by the 4 satellites of the CLUSTER mission on 29 October 2001 between 01:00 and 05:00 UT. During this day, the spacecraft (SC) 1, 2, and 4 are relatively close to each other but SC3 has been delayed by half an hour. We use the data recorded aboard CLUSTER by the STAFF spectrum analyser. This instrument provides the cross spectral matrix of three magnetic and two electric field components. Dedicated software processes this spectral matrix in order to determine the wave normal directions relative to the Earth’s magnetic field. This calculation is done for the 4 satellites at different times and different frequencies and allows us to check the directions of these waves. Measurements around the magnetic equator show that the parallel component of the Poynting vector changes its sign when the satellites cross the equator region. It indicates that the chorus waves propagate away from this region which is considered as the source area of these emissions. This is valid for the most intense waves observed on the magnetic and electric power spectrograms. But it is also observed on SC1, SC2, and SC4 that lower intensity waves propagate toward the equator simultaneously with the SC3 intense chorus waves propagating away from the equator. Both waves are at the same frequency. Using the wave normal directions of these waves, a ray tracing study shows that the waves observed by SC1, SC2, and SC4 cross the equatorial plane at the same location as the waves observed by SC3. SC3 which is 30 minutes late observes the waves that originate first from the equator; meanwhile, SC1, SC2, and SC4 observe the same waves that have suffered a Lower Hybrid Resonance (LHR) reflection at low altitudes (based on the ray tracing analysis) and now return to the equator at a different location with a lower intensity. Similar phenomenon is observed when all SC are on the other side of the equator. The intensity ratio between magnetic waves coming directly from the equator and waves returning to the equator is between 0.005 and 0.01, which is in agreement with previously published theoretical calculation of the growth rates with the particle distribution seen by GEOS.

Key words. Magnetospheric physics (plasma waves and instabilities) – Ionosphere (wave propagation) – Radio science (magnetospheric physics)

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