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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 18, issue 7
Ann. Geophys., 18, 740–749, 2000
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-000-0740-4
© European Geosciences Union 2000

Special issue: Lance Thomas

Ann. Geophys., 18, 740–749, 2000
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-000-0740-4
© European Geosciences Union 2000

  31 Jul 2000

31 Jul 2000

A brief history of the development of wind-profiling or MST radars

T. E. Van Zandt T. E. Van Zandt
  • Aeronomy Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Boulder, Colorado 80303, USA

Abstract. The history of the development of the wind-profiling or MST radar technique is reviewed from its inception in the late 1960s to the present. Extensions of the technique by the development of boundary-layer radars and the radio-acoustic sounding system (RASS) technique to measure temperature are documented. Applications are described briefly, particularly practical applications to weather forecasting, with data from networks of radars, and scientific applications to the study of rapidly varying atmospheric phenomena such as gravity waves and turbulence.

Key words: Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (instruments and techniques) · Radio science (remote sensing; instruments and techniques)

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