Articles | Volume 14, issue 9
Ann. Geophys., 14, 917–940, 1996
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-996-0917-6
Ann. Geophys., 14, 917–940, 1996
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-996-0917-6

  30 Sep 1996

30 Sep 1996

A review of atmospheric gravity waves and travelling ionospheric disturbances: 1982-1995

K. Hocke and K. Schlegel K. Hocke and K. Schlegel

Abstract. Recent investigations of atmospheric gravity waves (AGW) and travelling ionospheric disturbances (TID) in the Earth\'s thermosphere and ionosphere are reviewed. In the past decade, the generation of gravity waves at high latitudes and their subsequent propagation to low latitudes have been studied by several global model simulations and coordinated observation campaigns such as the Worldwide Atmospheric Gravity-wave Study (WAGS), the results are presented in the first part of the review. The second part describes the progress towards understanding the AGW/TID characteristics. It points to the AGW/TID relationship which has been recently revealed with the aid of model-data comparisons and by the application of new inversion techniques. We describe the morphology and climatology of gravity waves and their ionospheric manifestations, TIDs, from numerous new observations.