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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 14, issue 12
Ann. Geophys., 14, 1362–1374, 1996
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-996-1362-2
© European Geosciences Union 1996

Special issue: VIIIe EISCAT

Ann. Geophys., 14, 1362–1374, 1996
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00585-996-1362-2
© European Geosciences Union 1996

  31 Dec 1996

31 Dec 1996

Global modelling study (GSM TIP) of the ionospheric effects of excited N2, convection and heat fluxes by comparison with EISCAT and satellite data for 31 July 1990

Yu. N. Korenkov1, V. V. Klimenko1, M. Förster2, V. A. Surotkin1, and J. Smilauer3 Yu. N. Korenkov et al.
  • 1West Dept. of IZMIRAN, Kaliningrad Observatory, Academy of Sciences, Russia
  • 2Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Außenstelle Berlin, Germany
  • 3Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic

Abstract. Near-earth plasma parameters were calculated using a global numerical self-consistent and time-dependent model of the thermosphere, ionosphere and protonosphere (GSM TIP). The model results are compared with experimental data of different origin, mainly EISCAT measurements and simultaneous satellite data (Ne and ion composition). Model runs with varying inputs of auroral FAC distributions, temperature of vibrationally excited nitrogen and photoelectron energy escape fluxes are used to make adjustments to the observations. The satellite data are obtained onboard Active and its subsatellite Magion-2 when they passed nearby the EISCAT station around 0325 and 1540 UT on 31 July 1990 at a height of about 2000 and 2200 km, respectively. A strong geomagnetic disturbance was observed two days before the period under study. Numerical calculations were performed with consideration of vibrationally excited nitrogen molecules for high solar-activity conditions. The results show good agreement between the incoherent-scatter radar measurements (Ne, Te, Ti) and model calculations, taking into account the excited molecular nitrogen reaction rates. The comparison of model results of the thermospheric neutral wind shows finally a good agreement with the HWM93 empirical wind model.

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