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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 33, issue 3
Ann. Geophys., 33, 351–362, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-33-351-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 33, 351–362, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-33-351-2015
© Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Regular paper 18 Mar 2015

Regular paper | 18 Mar 2015

Comparison of aerosol extinction between lidar and SAGE II over Gadanki, a tropical station in India

P. Kulkarni1,* and S. Ramachandran2 P. Kulkarni and S. Ramachandran
  • 1Department of Space, National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Gadanki, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • 2Space and Atmospheric Sciences Division, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India
  • *present address: Department of Physics, CMR Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India

Abstract. An extensive comparison of aerosol extinction has been performed using lidar and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II data over Gadanki (13.5° N, 79.2° E), a tropical station in India, following coincident criteria during volcanically quiescent conditions from 1998 to 2005. The aerosol extinctions derived from lidar are higher than SAGE II during all seasons in the upper troposphere (UT), while in the lower-stratosphere (LS) values are closer. The seasonal mean percent differences between lidar and SAGE II aerosol extinctions are > 100% in the UT and < 50% above 25 km. Different techniques (point and limb observations) played the major role in producing the observed differences. SAGE II aerosol extinction in the UT increases as the longitudinal coverage is increased as the spatial aerosol extent increases, while similar extinction values in LS confirm the zonal homogeneity of LS aerosols. The study strongly emphasized that the best meteorological parameters close to the lidar measurement site in terms of space and time and Ba (sr−1), the ratio between aerosol backscattering and extinction, are needed for the tropics for a more accurate derivation of aerosol extinction.

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This study presents an extensive comparison of aerosol extinction using lidar and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II data over Gadanki (13.5ºN, 79.2ºE), a tropical station in India. Results strongly emphasize that, for a more accurate derivation of aerosol extinction over the tropics, (i) best meteorological parameters that are close in terms of space and time to the lidar measurement site and (ii) measured values of the aerosol-backscattering--extinction ratio are crucial.
This study presents an extensive comparison of aerosol extinction using lidar and Stratospheric...
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