Articles | Volume 32, issue 6
Ann. Geophys., 32, 589–608, 2014
Ann. Geophys., 32, 589–608, 2014

Regular paper 03 Jun 2014

Regular paper | 03 Jun 2014

Stratospheric warming influence on the mesosphere/lower thermosphere as seen by the extended CMAM

M. G. Shepherd, S. R. Beagley, and V. I. Fomichev M. G. Shepherd et al.
  • Centre for Research in Earth and Space Science, York University, Toronto, Canada

Abstract. The response of the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere region to major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) is examined employing temperature, winds, NOX and CO constituents from the extended Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (CMAM) with continuous incremental nudging below 10 hPa (~ 30 km). The model results considered cover high latitudes (60–85° N) from 10 to 150 km height for the December–March period of 2003/2004, 2005/2006 and 2008/2009, when some of the strongest SSWs in recent years were observed. NOX and CO are used as proxies for examining transport. Comparisons with ACE-FTS (Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment–Fourier Transform Spectrometer) satellite observations show that the model represents well the dynamics of the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere region, the coupling of the stratosphere–mesosphere, and the NOX and CO transport. New information is obtained on the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere up to 150 km showing that the NOX volume mixing ratio in the 2003/2004 winter was very perturbed indicating transport from the lower atmosphere and intense mixing with large NOX influx from the thermosphere compared to 2006 and 2009. These results, together with those from other models and observations, clearly show the impact of stratospheric warmings on the thermosphere.