Articles | Volume 31, issue 11
Ann. Geophys., 31, 2123–2135, 2013
Ann. Geophys., 31, 2123–2135, 2013

Regular paper 29 Nov 2013

Regular paper | 29 Nov 2013

Diurnal variation in gravity wave activity at low and middle latitudes

V. F. Andrioli1, D. C. Fritts2, P. P. Batista1, B. R. Clemesha1, and D. Janches3 V. F. Andrioli et al.
  • 1Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais – INPE, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil
  • 2GATS/Boulder, Boulder, CO, USA
  • 3Space Weather Lab., Mail Code 674, GSFC/NASA, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA

Abstract. We employ a modified composite day extension of the Hocking (2005) analysis method to study gravity wave (GW) activity in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere using 4 meteor radars spanning latitudes from 7° S to 53.6° S. Diurnal and semidiurnal modulations were observed in GW variances over all sites. Semidiurnal modulation with downward phase propagation was observed at lower latitudes mainly near the equinoxes. Diurnal modulations occur mainly near solstice and, except for the zonal component at Cariri (7° S), do not exhibit downward phase propagation. At a higher latitude (SAAMER, 53.6° S) these modulations are only observed in the meridional component where we can observe diurnal variation from March to May, and semidiurnal, during January, February, October (above 88 km) and November. Some of these modulations with downward phase progression correlate well with wind shear. When the wind shear is well correlated with the maximum of the variances the diurnal tide has its largest amplitudes, i.e., near equinox. Correlations exhibiting variations with tidal phases suggest significant GW-tidal interactions that have different characters depending on the tidal components and possible mean wind shears. Modulations that do not exhibit phase variations could be indicative of diurnal variations in GW sources.