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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 30, issue 4
Ann. Geophys., 30, 683–694, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-30-683-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 30, 683–694, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-30-683-2012
© Author(s) 2012. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Regular paper 17 Apr 2012

Regular paper | 17 Apr 2012

Global propagation features of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances during the magnetic storm of 7~10 November 2004

Q. Song1,2, F. Ding1, W. Wan1, B. Ning1, and L. Liu1 Q. Song et al.
  • 1Beijing National Observatory of Space Environment Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
  • 2Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Abstract. Larger-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LSTIDs) were studied using the total electron content (TEC) data observed from global GPS network in the regions of North America, Europe, and East Asia during the magnetic storm of 7~10 November 2004. 4 LSTID events were detected in North America, 4 in Europe, and 3 in East Asia. The parameters of the 11 LSTID events, such as the propagation azimuth (the angle with respect to north, taking clockwise as positive), horizontal phase velocity and damping rate were determined. Our results showed two new propagation features of the LSTIDs. One was the latitudinal dependence of the LSTIDs' propagation azimuths. The LSTIDs tended to deflect more to west from south as they propagated to lower latitudes, which indicated that the Coriolis force was one of the main causes of the LSTIDs' southwestward deviation. The other was the different mean horizontal phase velocities of LSTIDs among different regions. The mean horizontal phase velocity of LSTIDs was 422 ± 36 m s−1 in North America, 381 ± 69 m s−1 in Europe, and 527 ± 21 m s−1 in East Asia, respectively. The results also indicated that the amplitudes of LSTIDs decreased during their propagation for every event, and the daytime damping rates were more than 1 time larger than the nighttime ones due to different ion drag between daytime and nighttime. The source regions of the LSTIDs were likely to be located between geomagnetic latitudes of 68° N and 62° N in North America, and between 65° N and 57° N in Europe, according to the variation of magnetic H component observed in these two regions.

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