Articles | Volume 29, issue 6
10 Jun 2011
 | 10 Jun 2011

Measurements of aerosol intensive properties over Visakhapatnam, India for 2007

K. Niranjan, B. Spandana, T. Anjana Devi, V. Sreekanth, and B. L. Madhavan

Abstract. Information on the aerosol intensive properties like Single Scattering Albedo (SSA) and asymmetry parameter are very limited, particularly over the peninsular India, though extensive reports are available on the aerosol bulk properties. In view of the importance of these parameters in evaluating the aerosol radiative forcing, we present for the first time the temporal variation in SSA with measurements on aerosol absorption and scattering coefficients over Visakhapatnam (17.72° N, 83.32° E; located on the east coast of India) for the year 2007. The inferred SSA was in the range of 0.65 and 0.9 with an annual mean of 0.76 ± 0.013 and with a probable value of 0.80, indicating a marginal atmospheric warming over the region. The mixed layer contribution to column Aerosol Optical depth is found to be 35 % in summer while it is well above 35 % in winter, indicating the confinement of aerosol within the boundary layer during winter. The asymmetry parameter which represents the angular scattering in radiative forcing estimation is found to be around 0.65 ± 0.1 for the location. The day to day variability in SSA is found to be well correlated with the variations in surface BC mass concentrations and/or the relative dominance of the fine/coarse mode aerosol. The results are discussed in light of the aerosol physical and optical properties and the asymmetry parameter.