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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 29, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 29, 1331–1340, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-29-1331-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 29, 1331–1340, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-29-1331-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  05 Aug 2011

05 Aug 2011

The correlation between solar and geomagnetic activity – Part 1: Two-term decomposition of geomagnetic activity

Z. L. Du Z. L. Du
  • Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China

Abstract. By analyzing the logarithmic relationship between geomagnetic activity as represented by the annual aa index and solar magnetic field activity as represented by the annual sunspot number (Rz) during the period 1844–2010, aa is shown to lie in between two lines defined solely by Rz. Two ways can be used to decompose the aa index into two components. One is decomposing aa into the sum of the baseline (aab) and the remainder (aau) with a null correlation. Another is dividing the top-line (aat) into the sum of aa and the remainder (aad) with a null correlation. The first decomposition is similar to the traditional one. The second decomposition implies a nonlinear relationship of aa with Rz (aat) and a decay process (aad). Therefore, aat=aa+aad=aab+aau+aad: (i) aat is related to the solar energy potential of generating geomagnetic activity (associated with Rz); (ii) aab is related to transient phenomena; (iii) aau is related to recurrent phenomena; and (iv) aad is related to the energy loss in the transmission from solar surface to the magnetosphere and ionosphere that failed to generate geomagnetic activity.

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