21 Dec 2010
ANGEO Communicates |
| 21 Dec 2010
A diagnostic study of monsoon energetics for two contrasting years
In the present study we made an attempt to explain the behavior of the southwest monsoon for two contrasting years, from the view point of energetics. As a test case we selected 2002 and 2003, which were weak and strong monsoon years, respectively, based on rainfall. The energy terms Kψ, Kχ and APE and the conversion terms f∇ψ. ∇χ, −ω'T' are calculated at 850 hPa level and also vertically integrated from 1000 hPa to 100 hPa. The results indicate that, the year of high energy (both KΨ, Kχ) i.e. 2002, does not give a good amount of rainfall compared to the good year i.e. 2003. The break period during the year 2002 has been clearly explained using the block diagrams. Periods of highest rainfall coincide with the positive conversions of f∇ψ. ∇χ and −ω'T'. Vertically integrated moisture fluxes during the break period of 2002, 2003 are also analyzed. The main reservoirs (sources and sinks) for the monsoon energy are also identified using block diagrams. Negative correlation between daily rainfall and energy terms in the year 2002 indicates its unusual behavior both in terms of energetics as well as precipitation. Positive correlations in the year 2003 represent strong monsoonal behavior. We calculated the climatology of the total kinetic energy at 850 hPa, vertically integrated (1000–100 hPa) for 30 years (1980–2009) and rainfall for 103 years (1901–2003) which clearly indicates that the monsoon is indeed a season of high energy for the South Asian region.
Also the east- west direct thermal circulations are strongly related to the good and bad monsoon years.
Received: 13 Jul 2010 – Revised: 29 Nov 2010 – Accepted: 30 Nov 2010 – Published: 21 Dec 2010