Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

IF value: 1.490
IF 5-year value: 1.445
IF 5-year
CiteScore value: 2.9
SNIP value: 0.789
IPP value: 1.48
SJR value: 0.74
Scimago H <br class='widget-line-break'>index value: 88
Scimago H
h5-index value: 21
Volume 27, issue 3
Ann. Geophys., 27, 933–942, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: 12th International Symposium on Equatorial Aeronomy...

Ann. Geophys., 27, 933–942, 2009
© Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  02 Mar 2009

02 Mar 2009

Naturally enhanced ion-line spectra around the equatorial 150-km region

J. L. Chau1, R. F. Woodman1, M. A. Milla2, and E. Kudeki2 J. L. Chau et al.
  • 1Radio Observatorio de Jicamarca, Instituto Geofísico del Perú, Lima
  • 2Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaing, IL, USA

Abstract. For many years strong radar echoes coming from 140–170 km altitudes at low latitudes have been associated to the existence of field-aligned irregularities (FAIs) (the so called 150-km echoes). In this work, we present frequency spectra as well as angular distribution of 150-km echoes. When the 150-km region is observed with beams perpendicular to the magnetic field (B) the observed radar spectra are very narrow with spectral widths between 3–12 m/s. On the other hand, when few-degrees off-perpendicular beams are used, the radar spectra are wide with spectral widths comparable to those expected from ion-acoustic waves at these altitudes (>1000 m/s). Moreover the off-perpendicular spectral width increases with increasing altitude. The strength of the received echoes is one to two orders of magnitude stronger than the expected level of waves in thermal equilibrium at these altitudes. Such enhancement is not due to an increase in electron density. Except for the enhancement in power, the spectra characteristics of off-perpendicular and perpendicular echoes are in reasonable agreement with expected incoherent scatter spectra at these angles and altitudes. 150-km echoes are usually observed in narrow layers (2 to 5). Bistatic common volume observations as well as observations made few kilometers apart show that, for most of the layers, there is very high correlation on power fluctuations without a noticeable time separation between simultaneous echoes observed with Off-perpendicular and Perpendicular beams. However, in one of the central layers, the echoes are the strongest in the perpendicular beam and absent or very weak in the off-perpendicular beams, suggesting that they are generated by a plasma instability. Our results indicate that most echoes around 150-km region are not as aspect sensitive as originally thought, and they come from waves that have been enhanced above waves in thermal equilibrium.

Publications Copernicus