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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 26, issue 6
Ann. Geophys., 26, 1567–1579, 2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 26, 1567–1579, 2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  11 Jun 2008

11 Jun 2008

Sunward propagating Pc5 waves observed on the post-midnight magnetospheric flank

P. T. I. Eriksson1, L. G. Blomberg1, S. Schaefer2, and K.-H. Glassmeier2 P. T. I. Eriksson et al.
  • 1Space and Plasma Physics, School of Electrical Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 2Institute for Geophysics and Extraterrestrial Physics, Technical University of Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

Abstract. The overall focus on the driver of toroidal Pc5 waves has been on processes located at or acting on the dayside magnetopause and dayside flanks of the magnetosphere. These processes can generate waves that propagate tailward in the magnetosphere. However, an increasing number of studies, both theoretical and experimental, have looked at waves propagating sunward and that are caused by processes in the magnetotail. Here we present an ultra low frequency (ULF) wave observed in the post-midnight/morning sector of the magnetosphere at L=16 RE. The wave has a toroidal mode polarization. We estimate the azimuthal wave number to m=3, consistent with a toroidal mode type pulsation. The positive sign indicates that the wave is propagating sunward and this is confirmed by looking at the Poynting flux of the wave. The frequency of the wave is not constant with time but shows a small increase in the beginning of the event up to over 2.0 mHz. Then the frequency decreases to 1.0 mHz. This decrease coincides with a drop in the total magnetic field strength and we speculate if this is related to an observed reversal of the sign of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By-component. This event occurs during relatively quiet magnetospheric conditions with a solar wind speed of approximately 400 km/s. Thus this event is highly likely to be driven by a source in the magnetotail and the change in frequency is an excellent example that the frequency of an ULF wave may be modulated by changes of the plasma parameters on the resonant field line.

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