Energetic particle measurements from the Ulysses/COSPIN/LET instrument obtained during the August/September 2005 events
Abstract. We report recent observations of energetic particles at energies 1–40 MeV/n made by the COSPIN/LET instrument onboard the Ulysses spacecraft during the period of intense solar activity in August/September 2005 during the declining phase of solar cycle 23. Ulysses, having started its climb to high southern latitudes for the third time, was located at ~5 AU, at a helio-latitude of ~30 degrees south. It detected the arrival of a solar wind compound stream resulting from the merging of a series of fast halo CMEs ejected from the Sun in late August and early September 2005 and their interaction with the pre-existing pattern of solar wind Stream Interaction Regions (SIRs) in the ambient medium through which they propagated. The heavy ion intensities are observed by COSPIN/LET to remain elevated for at least 20 days following the very intense X17.0/3B solar flare on 7 September and its associated very fast CME (plane of sky projected CME speed ~2400 km s−1). We carry out an analysis of the composition of the particle increases observed at the location of the spacecraft. Although the composition signatures were predominantly Solar Energetic Particle (SEP)-like, after the passage of the compound stream over Ulysses, in association with a characteristic forward and reverse shock pair, the observations showed evidence of an enhanced He content.