Characterisation of the mixing height temporal evolution by means of a laser dial system in an urban area – intercomparison results with a model application
Abstract. Measurements of vertical and temporal variations in ozone and aerosol as extinction over an urban area in Segovia, central Spain, were performed during two summer months in 2004 by means of a commercial Nd:YAG laser DIAL remote sensing system. The Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) technique was applied and its description is given. From the profile data, a practical determination of mixing height may be derived. A diurnal evolution for the whole dataset is observed, the highest mean mixing height being reached at 16:00 GMT, 2150 m. The presence of a double-layer structure at night was observed and the layers can be considered residual. On average, the lower layer is formed at 670 m and the upper layer yielded mean heights ranging between 1270 and 1390 m. The estimated mixing heights during the day are also compared with those obtained from the Lagrangian HYSPLIT model. The results show good statistical agreement between both approaches, mainly in the early afternoon, with correlation coefficients around 0.7.