Origin of temperature anisotropies in the cold plasma sheet: Geotail observations around the Kelvin-Helmholtz vortices
Abstract. To further our understanding of the solar wind entry across the magnetopause under northward IMF, we perform a case study of a duskside Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) vortex event on 24 March 1995. We have found that the protons consist of two separate (cold and hot) components in the magnetosphere-like region inside the KH vortical structure. The cold proton component occasionally consisted of counter-streaming beams near the current layer in the KH vortical structure. Low-energy bidirectional electron beams or flat-topped electron distribution functions in the direction along the local magnetic field were apparent on the magnetosphere side of the current layer. We discuss that the bidirectionality of the electrons and the cold proton component implies magnetic reconnection inside the KH vortical structure. In addition, we suggest selective heating of electrons inside the vortical structure via wave-particle interactions. Comparing temperatures in the magnetosphere-like region inside the vortical structure with those in the cold plasma sheet, we show that further heating of both the electrons and the cold proton component is taking place in the cold plasma sheet or on the way from the vortices to the cold plasma sheet.