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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 25, issue 8
Ann. Geophys., 25, 1865–1876, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-25-1865-2007
© Author(s) 2007. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 25, 1865–1876, 2007
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-25-1865-2007
© Author(s) 2007. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  29 Aug 2007

29 Aug 2007

Aurora and open magnetic flux during isolated substorms, sawteeth, and SMC events

A. D. DeJong1, X. Cai1, R. C. Clauer1, and J. F. Spann2 A. D. DeJong et al.
  • 1Department Atmospheric Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
  • 2NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

Abstract. Using Polar UVI LBHl and IMAGE FUV WIC data, we have compared the auroral signatures and polar cap open flux for isolated substorms, sawteeth oscillations, and steady magnetospheric convection (SMC) events. First, a case study of each event type is performed, comparing auroral signatures and open magnetic fluxes to one another. The latitude location of the auroral oval is similar during isolated substorms and SMC events. The auroral intensity during SMC events is similar to that observed during the expansion phase of an isolated substorm. Examination of an individual sawtooth shows that the auroral intensity is much greater than the SMC or isolated substorm events and the auroral oval is displaced equatorward making a larger polar cap. The temporal variations observed during the individual sawtooth are similar to that observed during the isolated substorm, and while the change in polar cap flux measured during the sawtooth is larger, the percent change in flux is similar to that measured during the isolated substorm. These results are confirmed by a statistical analysis of events within these three classes. The results show that the auroral oval measured during individual sawteeth contains a polar cap with, on average, 150% more magnetic flux than the oval measured during isolated substorms or during SMC events. However, both isolated substorms and sawteeth show a 30% decrease in polar cap magnetic flux during the dipolarization (expansion) phase.

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