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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 23, issue 9
Ann. Geophys., 23, 3047–3053, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-23-3047-2005
© Author(s) 2005. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Special issue: 1st European Space Weather Week (ESWW)

Ann. Geophys., 23, 3047–3053, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-23-3047-2005
© Author(s) 2005. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  22 Nov 2005

22 Nov 2005

Fluxes and fluences of SEP events derived from SOLPENCO

A. Aran1, B. Sanahuja2,1, and D. Lario3 A. Aran et al.
  • 1Departament d’Astronomia i Meteorologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  • 2CER d’Astrofísica, Física de Partícules i Cosmologia, Unitat associada al CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
  • 3Applied Physics Laboratory. The Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, USA

Abstract. We have developed aran04 a tool for rapid predictions of proton flux and fluence profiles observed during gradual solar energetic particle (SEP) events and upstream of the associated traveling interplanetary shocks. This code, named SOLPENCO (for SOLar Particle ENgineering COde), contains a data base with a large set of interplanetary scenarios under which SEP events develop. These scenarios are basically defined by the solar longitude of the parent solar activity, ranging from E75 to W90, and by the position of the observer, located at 0.4 AU or at 1.0 AU, from the Sun. We are now analyzing the performance and reliability of SOLPENCO. We address here two features of SEP events especially relevant to space weather purposes: the peak flux and the fluence. We analyze how the peak flux and the fluence of the synthetic profiles generated by SOLPENCO vary as a function of the strength of the CME-driven shock, the heliolongitude of the solar parent activity and the particle energy considered. In particular, we comment on the dependence of the fluence on the radial distance of the observer (which does not follow an inverse square law), and we draw conclusions about the influence of the shock as a particle accelerator in terms of its evolving strength and the heliolongitude of the solar site where the SEP event originated.

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