Space weather and space anomalies
- 1Israel Cosmic Ray and Space Weather Center, affiliated to Tel Aviv University, Technion, and Israel Space Agency, Israel
- 2IZMIRAN, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
- 3Dipartimento di Fisica E. Amaldi, Roma-Tre University, Rome, Italy
- 4SPb FIZMIRAN, Russian Academy of Science, St. Petersburg, Russia
Abstract. A large database of anomalies, registered by 220 satellites in different orbits over the period 1971-1994 has been compiled. For the first time, data from 49 Russian Kosmos satellites have been included in a statistical analysis. The database also contains a large set of daily and hourly space weather parameters. A series of statistical analyses made it possible to quantify, for different satellite orbits, space weather conditions on the days characterized by anomaly occurrences. In particular, very intense fluxes (>1000 pfu at energy >10 MeV) of solar protons are linked to anomalies registered by satellites in high-altitude (>15000 km), near-polar (inclination >55°) orbits typical for navigation satellites, such as those used in the GPS network, NAVSTAR, etc. (the rate of anomalies increases by a factor ~20), and to a much smaller extent to anomalies in geostationary orbits, (they increase by a factor ~4). Direct and indirect connections between anomaly occurrence and geomagnetic perturbations are also discussed.