Articles | Volume 23, issue 1
Ann. Geophys., 23, 183–189, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-23-183-2005

Special issue: Eleventh International EISCAT Workshop

Ann. Geophys., 23, 183–189, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-23-183-2005

  31 Jan 2005

31 Jan 2005

Comparison of EISCAT and ionosonde electron densities: application to a ground-based ionospheric segment of a space weather programme

J. Lilensten1, Lj. R. Cander2, M. T. Rietveld3, P. S. Cannon4, and M. Barthélémy1 J. Lilensten et al.
  • 1Laboratoire de Planétologie de Grenoble, France
  • 2Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX, UK
  • 3EISCAT Association, Norway
  • 4QinetiQ, Malvern, Worcs, WR14 3PS, UK

Abstract. Space weather applications require real-time data and wide area observations from both ground- and space-based instrumentation. From space, the global navigation satellite system - GPS - is an important tool. From the ground the incoherent scatter (IS) radar technique permits a direct measurement up to the topside region, while ionosondes give good measurements of the lower part of the ionosphere. An important issue is the intercalibration of these various instruments.

In this paper, we address the intercomparison of the EISCAT IS radar and two ionosondes located at Tromsø (Norway), at times when GPS measurements were also available. We show that even EISCAT data calibrated using ionosonde data can lead to different values of total electron content (TEC) when compared to that obtained from GPS.