Interplanetary magnetic field control of dayside transient event occurrence and motion in the ionosphere and magnetosphere
Abstract. The pressure pulse model for dayside transient ionospheric events predicts dawnward moving events at and prior to local noon during periods of spiral interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) orientation, but duskward moving events at and after local noon during rarer periods of orthospiral IMF orientation. We use this model to interpret ground and geosynchronous magnetometer observations of a duskward-moving transient event that occurred on 10 August 1995 during a period of orthospiral IMF orientation. We then survey geosynchronous GOES-8, 9, and 10 magnetometer observations to determine the directions of motion for 67 isolated magnetic impulse events seen in South Pole magnetograms from 1995-1999. The occurrence patterns and directions of motion inferred from both case and statistical studies are consistent with pressure pulse model predictions.
Key words. Interplanetary physics (Interplanetary magnetic fields; discontinuities) – Magnetospheric physics (Magnetosphere-ionosphere interactions)