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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 22, issue 1
Ann. Geophys., 22, 35–45, 2004
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-35-2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Ann. Geophys., 22, 35–45, 2004
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-22-35-2004
© Author(s) 2004. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  01 Jan 2004

01 Jan 2004

A study of seasonal variations of gravity wave intensity in thelower thermosphere using LF D1 wind observations and a numerical model

N. M. Gavrilov1 and Ch. Jacobi2 N. M. Gavrilov and Ch. Jacobi
  • 1Saint-Petersburg State University, Department of Atmospheric Physics, Petrodvorets, 198904, Russia
  • 2University of Leipzig, Institute for Meteorology, 3 Stephanstrasse, 04103 Leipzig, Germany

Abstract. The data of the regular low-frequency D1 E-region observations at Collm, Germany (52°N, 15°E) in 1983–1999 are used for estimations of the intensity of short-period perturbations of the horizontal drift velocity at 85–110 km altitude. A simple half-hourly-difference numerical filter is used to extract perturbations with time scales of 0.7–3 h.

The average monthly standard deviations of short-period perturbations of the zonal velocity near altitude 83 km have a main maximum in summer, a smaller maximum in winter, and minimum values at the equinoxes. At higher altitudes the summer maximum is shifted towards the spring months, and a second maximum of perturbation amplitudes appears in autumn at altitudes near and above 100 km. The seasonal changes in the standard deviations of meridional velocity show the maxima in spring and summer. A numerical model describing the propagation of a set of harmonics modeling a spectrum of internal gravity waves in the atmosphere is used for the interpretation of observed seasonal variations of wind perturbation intensity. Numerical modeling reveals that the observed altitude changes in the seasonal variations of the drift velocity standard deviations may be explained by a superposition of IGWs generated at different levels in the troposphere and middle atmosphere. IGWs generated in the stratospheric and mesospheric jet stream may have substantial amplitudes at altitudes near and above 100 km, where they may modify the seasonal variations, which are typical for IGWs propagating from the troposphere.

Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (middle atmosphere dynamics; waves and tides) – Ionosphere (ionospheric irregularities)

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