Time evolution of high-altitude plasma bubbles imaged at geomagnetic conjugate points
- 1Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Toyokawa 442-8507, Japan
- 2IPS Radio and Space Services, Haymarket, New South Wales 1240, Australia
Abstract. Temporal and spatial evolution of two high-altitude plasma bubbles (evening and midnight) was observed on 4 April 2002, at geomagnetic conjugate points at Sata, Japan (magnetic latitude 24° N), and Darwin, Australia (magnetic latitude 22° S), using two 630-nm airglow imagers. The apex height of the bubbles reached ~1500km. The upward velocity of the evolution was faster in the evening (~170m/s at 20:00-21:00 LT) than around midnight (~28m/s at 23:00-00:00 LT). Bifurcating features of the bubbles into a smaller scale size of ~50km were clearly seen for both the evening and midnight bubbles, showing fairly good conjugacy between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.