Ionospheric conductivity dependence of dayside region-0, 1, and 2 field-aligned current systems: statistical study with DMSP-F7
- 1Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
- 2Space Environment Research Center, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan
- 3The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Road, Laurel, MD 20723-6099, USA
- 4The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 4-6-7 Minami-Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 106-8569, Japan
Abstract. The present study statistically examines the dependence of the intensities of dayside (MLT=8-12h) large-scale field-aligned currents (FACs) on the ionospheric conductance using the summary data of DMSP-F7 constructed by the procedure of Higuchi and Ohtani (2000). We have found that, in the dayside region, R1 and R0 have a higher correlation between ionospheric conductivity and FAC intensity than R2, suggesting that R0 and R1 are driven by a more voltage-like source than R2. This result is consistent with the idea that R1 and R0 are driven by the interaction between the solar wind and the open magnetospheric magnetic field. We have also found that dayside FAC intensities are latitudinally well balanced when they have a three sheet structure (R0, R1 and R2); on the other hand, for a two sheet structure (R1 and R2), the intensity of R1 is larger than that of R2, so that the net current has the polarity of R1.