Global distributions of diurnal and semidiurnal tides: observations from HRDI-UARS of the MLT region and comparisons with GSWM-02 (migrating, nonmigrating components)
- 1Institute of Space and Atmospheric Studies, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
- 2High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, Boulder, Colorado, USA
- 3Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA
- 4Canada Centre for Remote Sensing, NRCan, Ottawa, Canada
Abstract. HRDI (High Resolution Doppler Interferometer-UARS) winds data have been analyzed in 4°-latitude by 10°-longitude cells at 96km to obtain the global distribution of the solar-tidal amplitudes and phases. The solstices June–July (1993), December–January (1993–1994), and one equinox (September–October, 1994) are analyzed.
In an earlier paper (Manson et al., 2002b) the emphasis was solely upon the longitudinal and latitudinal variations of the amplitudes and phases of the semidiurnal (12h) and diurnal (24h) tides. The longitudinal structures were shown to be quite distinctive, and in the case of the EW component of the diurnal tide there were typically four maxima/perturbations of amplitudes or phases around a latitude circle. In this case they tended to be associated with the locations of the major oceans. Here, a spatial complex spectral analysis has been applied to the data set, to obtain the zonal wave numbers for the tides as functions of latitude. For the diurnal tide the dominant s=1 migrating component and nonmigrating tides with wave numbers s=–3, –2, 0, 2 are identified; and for the semidiurnal tide, as well as the dominant s=2 migrating component, the spectra indicate the presence of nonmigrating tides with wave numbers s=–2, 0, 4. These wave numbers are also simply related to the global longitudinal structures in the tidal amplitudes and phases.
Comparisons are made with the Global Scale Wave Model (GSWM-02), which now incorporates migrating and nonmigrating tides associated with tropospheric latent heat processes, and offers monthly outputs. For the diurnal tide the dominant nonmigrating tidal spectral feature (94km) is for wave number s=–3; it is relatively stronger than in the HRDI winds, and produces quite consistent structures in the global tidal fields with four longitudinal maxima. Overall, the modelled 24-h tidal amplitudes are larger than observed during the equinox beyond 40° latitude. For the semidiurnal tide, nonmigrating tides are frequently indicated in the spectra with wave numbers s=–2, 0, 6; and there are complementary longitudinal structures in the global tidal fields with two and four maxima evident. Modelled 12-h tidal amplitudes are much smaller than observed during non-winter months beyond 30°. There is a detailed discussion of the spectral features, their seasonal variations, and the similarities with the HRDI tidal data. This discussion is in the context of the inherent limitations of the model.
Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (middle atmosphere dynamics; thermospheric dynamics; waves and tides)